Regular ArticleInduction of PreB Cell Apoptosis by 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in Long-Term Primary Murine Bone Marrow Cultures☆
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Abstract:

AbstractNumerous studies demonstrate that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) suppress immunity by modifying the function of both B and T cells. Relatively few studies have assessed the effects of these common environmental chemicals on immature lymphocytes. In the present study, long-term primary bone marrow cultures were employed to investigate the effects of a prototypic PAH and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA), on immature B lymphocytes. In this system, immature preB cells are maintained in a supportive microenvironment provided by bone marrow stromal cells. Results presented here demonstrate that (1) exposure of primary bone marrow cultures to DMBA results in preB cell death by apoptosis; (2) notably low doses of DMBA (≥10−8m) induce preB cell apoptosis; (3) in long-term cultures, bone marrow stromal cells, but not preB cells, express AhR mRNA and protein as determined byin situhybridization, RT-PCR, and immunoblotting; (4) freshly isolated unfractionated bone marrow cells, but not purified bone marrow B cells, express AhR protein as assessed by immunohistochemistry; (5) α-naphthoflavone, a competitive AhR inhibitor and cytochrome P450 antagonist, completely blocks DMBA-induced preB cell apoptosis in primary bone marrow cultures; and (6) DMBA or benzo[a]pyrene injectionin vivoresults in bone marrow cell apoptosis consistent with the death of hematopoietic cells clustered around stromal elements. The results implicate programmed cell death as a mechanism underlying DMBA-mediated immunosuppression and suggest that preB cell death is influenced by local interactions with AhR+bone marrow stromal cells.

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