Original ResearchEpidemiology of hospitalization due to alcohol-related harm: Evidence from a Scottish cohort study
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

summaryObjectiveTo examine a broad range of risk factors and their association with alcohol-related hospital admissions in a Scottish general population.DesignObservational record-linkage study in Scotland from 1998 to 2008 involving 8305 respondents aged 16–74 years who participated in the 1998 Scottish Health Survey. Outcome was defined as first-time hospital admission with at least one alcohol-related diagnosis.MethodsCox proportional hazards modelling was applied to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) of first-time hospitalization with an alcohol-related condition associated with a range of behavioural, social and biological risk factors.FindingsIn total, 287 (3.4%) respondents experienced at least one alcohol-related hospitalization during the observation period. Moderate to excessive drinking was the strongest predictor of subsequent admission to hospital with an alcohol-related diagnosis, with clear evidence of a dose – response relationship. Moderate and heavy smoking were also significant predictors of subsequent admission to hospital with an alcohol-related problem. Social factors – such as being in receipt of income-related benefits [HR 1.68, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.25–2.28]; being retired or economically inactive; and being separated, divorced or widowed (HR 2.34, 95% CI 1.70–3.22) – were also significant predictors of alcohol-related hospitalization.ConclusionsModerate and higher levels of weekly alcohol consumption, moderate to heavy smoking, economic circumstances and marital status are the main risk factors for alcohol-related hospitalization in the Scottish population. These findings add to the evidence that population-based strategies are needed to limit alcohol-related morbidity.

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