Synthesis of conjugated polymers with broad absorption bands and photovoltaic properties as bulk heterojuction solar cells
Review articleOpen access

AbstractTwo new broad absorbing alternating copolymers, poly[1-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-2,5-bis(2-thienyl)pyrrole-alt-4,7-bis(3-octyl-2-thienyl)benzothiadiazole] (PTPTTBT-P1) and poly[1-(p-octylphenyl)-2,5-bis(2-thienyl)pyrrole-alt-4,7-bis(3-octyl-2-thienyl)benzothiadiazole] (PTPTTBT-P2), were prepared via Suzuki polycondensation with high yields. The two polymers were found to show characteristic absorption in the visible region of the solar spectrum. Interestingly the absorption of PTPTTBT-P1 was found to cover the visible region from 350 to 650 nm with the broad and flat absorption maximum from 440 to 510 nm in film and the absorption of PTPTTBT-P2 was found to cover the visible region from 350 to 950 nm with the relatively distinct absorption maxima at 425 and 522 nm and very weak absorption maximum at 832 nm in film. The electrochemical band gaps of the polymers were calculated to be 1.88 eV and 1.87 eV, respectively, while the optical band gaps of the polymers were calculated to be 1.94 eV and 1.87 eV, respectively. The photovoltaic properties of polymers were investigated with bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells fabricated in ITO/PEDOT:PSS/polymer:PC70BM(1:5 wt%)/TiOx/Al configurations. The maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the solar cell composed of PTPTTBT-P1:PC70BM as an active layer was 1.57% with current density (Jsc) of 8.17 mA/cm2, open circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.52 V and fill factor (FF) of 36%.

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