Failure of thin films: Optical shearography versus electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

AbstractIn the present work, the temperature versus thermal deformation (strain) with respect to time, of different coating films, was studied by a non-destructive technique (NDT) known as shearography. An organic coating, i.e., ACE Premium Enamel, on a metallic alloy, i.e., a carbon steel, was investigated at a temperature range simulating the severe weather temperatures in Kuwait, especially between the daylight and the nighttime temperatures, 20–60 °C. The investigation focused on determining the in-plane displacement of the coating, which amounts to the thermal deformation (strain) with respect to the applied temperature range. Furthermore, the investigation focused on determining the thermal expansion coefficients of coatings, the slope of the plot of the thermal deformation (strain) versus the applied temperature range. In other words, one could determine, from the decreasing value of the thermal expansion coefficients of coatings, a critical (steady state) value of the thermal expansion coefficients of coatings, in which the integrity of the coatings can be assessed with respect to time. In fact, determination of the critical (steady state) value of the thermal expansion coefficients of coatings could be accomplished independent of parameters, i.e., ultraviolet (UV) exposure, humidity, and exposure to chemical species, which normally are considered in conventional methods of assessing the integrity of coatings. Furthermore, results of shearography indicate that the technique is a very useful NDT method not only to determine the critical value of the thermal expansion coefficients of different coatings but also to be used as a 2D-microscope for monitoring the deformation of the coatings in real time at a submicroscopic scale. Also, the obtained data of the shearography technique were compared with data obtained by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in an aqueous solution of 3% NaCl.

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