Pharmacology letter Accelerated communicationDecreased expression of the mRNA for somatostatin in the periventricular nucleus of depression-model rats
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

AbstractExpression of the mRNA for somatostatin (SRIF) in the periventricular nucleus (PeN), the level of SRIF in the stalk-median eminence (SME) and the concentration of growth hormone (GH) in the plasma were examined in depression-model rats in an attempt to confirm the hypothesis that SRIF neurons in the hypothalamus are hypofunctional in this model. We exposed male Wistar rats to intermittent walking stress for two weeks and then we measured their spontaneous running activity for 12 days. We divided the rats into a depression-model group and a partial-recovery group according to the spontaneous running activity of each rat after the termination of exposure to stress. Expression of SRIF mRNA in the PeN of the hypothalamus was monitored by in situ hybridization and relative levels were determined with an image analysis system. The relative level of expression of SRIF mRNA in the PeN was lower in rats in the depression-model group than in the control group and the partial-recovery group. The level of SRIF in the SME was lower and the plasma concentration of GH was higher in the depression-model group than in the other groups. Our findings suggest that reduced expression of mRNA for SRIF in the PeN might be associated with the pathophysiology of rats with this particular model of depression.

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