Postoperative Urinary Retention After Bariatric Surgery: An Institutional Analysis
Review articleOpen access

AbstractBackgroundPostoperative urinary retention (POUR) can impact quality outcomes, leading to urinary tract infections, longer lengths of stay, and increased healthcare costs. The incidence of POUR in bariatric patients is unknown. Our primary objective was to determine the incidence and risk factors contributing to POUR in primary bariatric surgery.MethodsA retrospective review was conducted on patients who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) from 2013 to 2017. POUR was defined as the inability to urinate postoperatively, requiring urinary catheterization. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed on perioperative variables and their correlation with POUR.ResultsDuring the study period, 603 patients underwent surgery: 317 (52.6%) LSG and 286 (47.4%) LRYGB. Overall, 49 (8.1%) patients developed POUR. There were no significant differences in preoperative demographics between patients with and without POUR. Patients who underwent an LSG had an increased incidence of POUR compared with LRYGB (P = 0.002). In both procedures, POUR was associated with decreased neostigmine, isolated nondepolarizing muscle relaxant, and reduced intraoperative fluid. LSG and congestive heart failure, as well as LSG and body weight, were independently associated with POUR. Female patients who experienced POUR had significantly increased length of stay.ConclusionsRisk factors associated with POUR after primary bariatric surgery include LSG, less intraoperative neostigmine and intravenous fluids, and isolated nondepolarizing muscle relaxants. These risk factors can help educate patients and providers, as well as identify quality initiatives that focus on perioperative and anesthetic management to reduce POUR and length of hospital stay.

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