Extraction of Daunorubicin and Doxorubicin and Their Hydroxyl Metabolites: Self-Association in Aqueous Solution
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

AbstractThe extraction of daunorubicin and doxorubicin and their hydroxyl metabolites daunorubicinol and doxorubicinol was studied using chloroform–1-pentanol (9:1) as the organic phase. Because of differences in acid dissociation constants, the pH for optimum extraction varied from 8.0 to 8.6 for the different compounds. Self-association in the aqueous phase significantly influenced the distribution ratio. Constants for the formation of dimers and tetramers in aqueous solutions were about 104.5 and 1012, respectively.

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