Investigation of characteristics of laterally overgrown GaN on striped sapphire substrates patterned by wet chemical etching
Review articleOpen access

AbstractThe new developed maskless lateral-epitaxial-overgrowth technique, in which the striped substrates are patterned by wet chemical etching, is systematically investigated using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Wing tilt is measured for the GaN films on patterned substrates with a range of “fill factor” (ratio of groove width to stripe period) and for the GaN in different growth time. It is found that changes in these parameters have a significant effect on the extent and distribution of wing tilt in the laterally overgrown regions relative to the GaN directly on the sapphire substrate. Increasing the thickness of GaN films is benefit to reduce wing tilt. The tilt is avoided in the GaN films with 4.5 μm thickness and fill factor for 0.46. The full-width at half-maximum of X-ray rocking curves of the asymmetric diffraction peaks and the image of AFM both show that the threading dislocations in the developed lateral epitaxial overgrowth of GaN films are reduced sharply. The GaN template could be used as an excellent substrate to fabricate high-performance optoelectronic devices.

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