PaperModelling of superfluid helium transfer☆
Review articleOpen access
Abstract:

AbstractA one dimensional model for the flow of He II is applied to a transfer line with flow driven by a thermomechanical pump. The thermodynamic parameters are updated at each step of the integration. A check is made at each step on the proximity of the saturation line and two-phase flow is allowed. Turbulence is allowed in both the normal and the superfluid. Results are shown for conditions that may be typical for the transfer of large volumes of He II in space. The main result is that flow rates of 1000 dm3 h−1 should be achievable with the receiver being 100% filled with saturated liquid He II.

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