Clinical Urology: Original ArticleTransvesical Prostatectomy in Elderly Patients
Review articleOpen access

AbstractPurposeWe assessed the results of transvesical prostatectomy in patients older than 80 years.Materials and MethodsWe studied 98 patients 80 to 90 years old who underwent transvesical prostatectomy between 1986 and 1993, including those with a large prostate (preoperative estimated weight more than 80 gm.), numerous or large cystolithiasis and large bladder diverticulum, which are indications for open prostatectomy. Clinical data were obtained by chart review.ResultsThe indications for surgery were urinary retention in 53 patients (54%), severe obstructive urinary symptoms in 18 (18.4%), cystolithiasis in 17 (17.3%), prostatic bleeding in 10 (10.2%) and bladder diverticulum in 2 (2%). Accompanying diseases were present in 69 patients (70.6%), including ischemic heart disease in 41 (42%), diabetes mellitus in 17 (17.3%) and arterial hypertension in 14 (14.3%). A total of 59 patients (60.2%) underwent surgery while under general anesthesia and 39 (39.8%) received regional anesthesia. Average operative time was 62 minutes. Of the patients 40 (40.8%) received 1, 14 (14.3%) received 2 and 2 (2%) received 4 units of blood. No postoperative deaths or life threatening complications were noted. The immediate postoperative complications included urinary tract infection in 20 patients (20.5%), wound infection in 3 (3.0%) and orchiepididymitis in 3 (3.0%). Postoperative mild to moderate incontinence was noted in 2 patients (2.0%). Bladder neck constriction and urethral strictures occurred in 4 (4.1%) and 3 (3.0%) patients, respectively.ConclusionsTransvesical prostatectomy can be performed safely in elderly patients with a low morbidity rate.

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