Eimeria necatrix virus: intracellular localisation of viral particles and proteins
Review articleOpen access

AbstractThe presence of the Eimeria necatrix virus was investigated in the following life cycle stages: sporocysts, sporozoites, merozoites, and macrogametes. Electron microscopy revealed virus-like particles (VLPs) in sporozoites, which were purified from sporozoite extracts and used to raise polyclonal antibodies. Viral proteins were identified as RNA polymerase (95 kDa) and the major capsid protein (80 kDa). Polyclonal antibody was used to detect the intracellular localisation of VLPs and proteins. Immunoelectron microscopy and immunohistochemistry identified a viral protein of 95 kDa in all the E. necatrix stages studied, whereas the 80 kDa protein was found only in sporocysts and sporozoites. In addition, no VLPs were found in sporocysts. These results indicate that the synthesis of viral capsid proteins takes place during the early events of sporulation, and is then packaged into novel viruses during the late events. No VLPs were seen and no capsid proteins were found in the merozoites and macrogametes, whereas the 95 kDa RNA polymerase was present in both these stages. In addition, no VLPs or proteins were detected in chicken tissues.

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